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Thursday, 18 December 2008

Extremists Continue to Enlist in the Army

According to a report by the Southern Poverty Law Center, the US military, especially the Army has done little to stop the enlistment by racist extremists. I've covered this in previous reports. Now sometimes the SPLC has overstated threats by racists in the past, but in this instance the FBI is just as concerned.

In addition to the problem with far-right religious military members and chaplains, the Army is dealing with the dark side of far-right extremism, white supremacism and racism. According to the SPLC and the FBI, problems with recruitment lead to military recruiters overlooking obvious signs of membership in hate groups.

The racist skinhead logged on with exciting news: He'd just enlisted in the United States Army.

"Sieg Heil, I will do us proud," he wrote. It was a June 3 post to AryanWear Forum 14, a neo-Nazi online forum to which "Sobibor's SS," who identified himself as a skinhead living in Plantersville, Ala., had belonged since early 2004. (Sobibor was a Nazi death camp in Poland during World War II).

About a month after he announced his enlistment, Sobibor's SS bragged in another post to Forum 14 that he'd specifically requested and been assigned to MOS, or Military Occupational Specialty, 98D.

MOS98D soldiers are in high demand right now. That's because they're specially trained in disarming Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), the infamous roadside bombs that are killing and maiming so many U.S. troops in Iraq and Afghanistan. Presumably, part of learning how to disarm an IED is learning how one is made.

"I have my own reasons for wanting this training but in fear of the government tracing me and me loosing [sic] my clearance I can't share them here," Sobibor's SS informed his fellow neo-Nazis.

One of his earlier posts indicated his reasons serve a darker purpose than defending America: "Once all the Jews are gone the world will start fixing itself."

In addition to overlooking membership in hate groups, the Army seems very reluctant to actually kick out those racists who are active members and recruiters for hate groups.

Forty members of Congress urged then-Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld to launch a full-scale investigation and implement a zero-tolerance policy toward white supremacists in the military. "Military extremists present an elevated threat to both their fellow service members and the public," U.S. Senator Richard Shelby, an Alabama Republican, wrote in a separate open letter to Rumsfeld. "We witnessed with Timothy McVeigh that today's racist extremist may become tomorrow's domestic terrorist."

But neither Rumsfeld nor his successor, Robert Gates, launched any sort of systemic investigation or crackdown. Military and Defense Department officials seem to have made no sustained effort to prevent active white supremacists from joining the armed forces or to weed out those already in uniform.

Furthermore, new evidence is emerging that not only supports the Intelligence Report's original findings, but also indicates the problem may have worsened since the summer of 2006, as enlistment rates have continued to plummet, and the military has struggled to meet recruitment goals in a time of unpopular war. Asked about the latest developments, military officials this fall declined to comment.

As someone who was working in a Federal Building when the Murrah Building was blown up, I take this type of threat very seriously. The warning signs were there, but were ignored. When it happened, I knew immediately that it was domestic terrorism. Our office had been forwarded copies of the threats that were received by the law enforcement agencies we shared a building with.

A new FBI report confirms that white supremacists are infiltrating the military for several reasons. According to the unclassified FBI Intelligence Assessment, "White Supremacist Recruitment of Military Personnel Since 9/11," which was released to law enforcement agencies nationwide: "Sensitive and reliable source reporting indicates supremacist leaders are encouraging followers who lack documented histories of neo-Nazi activity and overt racist insignia such as tattoos to infiltrate the military as 'ghost skins,' in order to recruit and receive training for the benefit of the extremist movement."

The FBI report details more than a dozen investigative findings and criminal cases involving Iraq and Afghanistan veterans as well as active-duty personnel engaging in extremist activity in recent years. For example, in September 2006, the leader of the Celtic Knights, a central Texas splinter faction of the Hammerskins, a national racist skinhead organization, planned to obtain firearms and explosives from an active duty Army soldier in Fort Hood, Texas. That soldier, who served in Iraq in 2006 and 2007, was a member of the National Alliance, a neo-Nazi group.

"Looking ahead, current and former military personnel belonging to white supremacist extremist organizations who experience frustration at the inability of these organizations to achieve their goals may choose to found new, more operationally minded and operationally capable groups," the report concludes. "The military training veterans bring to the movement and their potential to pass this training on to others can increase the ability of lone offenders to carry out violence from the movement's fringes."

In addition, Mathew Kennard wrote his thesis about the increase in enlistment of hate group members.

Earlier this year, the founder of White Military Men identified himself in his New Saxon account as "Lance Corporal Burton" of the 2nd Battalion Fox Company Pit 2097, from Florida, according to a master's thesis by graduate student Matthew Kennard. Under his "About Me" section, Burton writes: "Love to shoot my M16A2 service rifle effectively at the Hachies (Iraqis)," and, "Love to watch things blow up (Hachies House)."

Kennard, who was working on his thesis for Columbia University's Toni Stabile Center for Investigative Journalism, also monitored claims of active-duty military service earlier this year on the neo-Nazi online forum Blood & Honour, where "88Soldier88" posted this message on Feb. 18: "I am in the ARMY right now. I work in the Detainee Holding Area [in Iraq]. … I am in this until 2013. I am in the infantry but want to go to SF [Special Forces]. Hopefully the training will prepare me for what I hope is to come."
Somehow, I don't think 88Soldier88 is talking about his future service in Iraq.

As part of the research for his thesis, "The New Nazi Army: How the U.S. military is allowing the far right to join its ranks," Kennard used the Freedom of Information Act to obtain from the Army's Criminal Investigative Division investigative reports concerning white supremacist activity in 2006 and 2007. They show that Army commanders repeatedly terminated investigations of suspected extremist activity in the military despite strong evidence it was occurring. This evidence was often provided by regional Joint Terrorism Task Forces, which are made up of FBI and state and local law enforcement officials.

For example, one CID report details a 2006 investigation of a suspected member of the Hammerskins, a multi-state racist skinhead gang, who was stationed at Fort Hood, a large Army base in central Texas. According to the report, there was "probable cause" to believe that the soldier "had participated in a white extremist meeting and also provided a military technical manual 31-210, Improvised Munitions Handbook, to the leader of a white extremist group in order to assist in the planning and execution of future attacks on various targets."

The report shows that agents only interviewed the subject once, in November 2006, before Fort Hood higher-ups called off the investigation that December.

Another report, also from 2006, covers an investigation of another Fort Hood soldier who was posting messages on Stormfront.org, a major white supremacist website. One CID investigator expresses his frustration at the muddled process for dealing with extremists. "We need to discuss the review process," he writes. "I'm not doing my job here. Needs to get fixed."

A third CID report, regarding a 2007 investigation, notes the termination of an investigation of a soldier at Fort Richardson, Alaska, who was reportedly the leader and chief recruiter for the Alaska Front, a white supremacist group. According to the report, the investigation was halted because the solider was "mobilized to Camp Shelby, MS in preparation for deployment to Iraq."

Some blogs on the right dismiss the SPLC as overly alarmist, but it only takes one highly motivated extremist to cause considerable damage. Timothy McVeigh is an example that should not be forgotten.

Update:

There is a comment addressing freedom of speech and beliefs of service members. Service members can believe what they want, but cannot use their position, especially while in uniform to advocate religious or political views, both popular or unpopular. But I'm not really addressing racist or supremacist viewpoints held by service members. I'm discussing members who are active, participating members of hate groups. Groups who conduct illegal actions such as harassment of minority service members and citizens, murder, and illegal drug and arms dealing. Groups which explicitly advocate the violent overthrow of the the United States.

3 comments:

Danny Boy said...

While it sickens me to see this happening, I don't like the idea of "systematic investigations" or "crackdowns". Those are just euphemisms for a witch hunt, on what is basically a different viewpoint from ours. Thought crime comes to mind. If the army were to crack down on white supremacists, who's to say they won't crack down on atheists next? Or left-wingers? Or wiccans? It's bad enough that they're weeding out gays in the military.

Of course atheists and gays are vastly different from skinheads, but the underlying idea is the same. Persecute those who think differently. It's a legitimate slippery slope. As long as the wingnut Nazi wannabes are operating within the bounds of the law, I can't see any legal reason to oust them. Freedom is a double-edged sword.

Anonymous said...

It would be different if these guys were only advocating for their racism. Unfortunately, most of them also call for a violent overthrow of the US government. They also recruit for this as well. This is sedition and is explicitly forbidden to a military member.

In addition to the sedition, they sometimes also engage in stealing illegal weapons from the military to sell to their friends and supporters. This is treason.

If all they were doing were advocating racism, then I would not have a problem with that. The disruption to unit cohesion could then be dealt with by their commanding officers.

But advocating and recruiting for illegal activities and for disruption and overthrow of the US government while serving in its military is a completely different matter.

Anna Lemma said...

The previous comment is mine. I'm updating the post with some new information.